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3. Debian GNU/Linux

3.1 Introduction

From the Debian site:

Debian is a free operating system (OS) for your computer. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. Debian uses the Linux kernel (the core of an operating system), but most of the basic OS tools come from the GNU project; hence the name GNU/Linux.

3.2 Installation

Start off with a minimal installation.

3.3 Configuration

Debian version

The Debian version data can be found in:


The package manager

Debian uses dpkg and apt as it's package managers. More on this comes when you get familiar with the system, but for now it is important to know where to change it's configuration:


Use within this configuration file the actual version name. Not stable/testing/unstable, but potato or woody. This way when e.g. woody hits stable nothing changes for your setup. Which makes life easier. Except for which only accepts stable.

An example configuration (this is for Dutch people only!) lookup your own servers, which are closest to you:

deb woody main non-free contrib
deb woody/non-US main contrib non-free
deb-src woody main non-free contrib
deb-src woody/non-US main contrib non-free
deb stable/updates main contrib non-free

Test the configuration with when your Internet is up:

apt-get update

De kernel update

apt-get install kernel-image-<em><version>-<em><arch>

As an example for the 2.4 kernel serie, use kernel-image-2.4.18-686.


Module options can be adjusted in the /etc/modutils/aliases file. When you are finished run:


Distribution upgrade

apt-get update
apt-get dist-upgrade

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